"Ghost Tree"

                                Portage, Alaska
                               October 31, 2003

    Fantastic crimson shades of the powerful aurora of October 31, 2003 bring this once majestic tree back to life appropriately just after midnight on All Hallowed Eve or Halloween, on a day celebrating the dead.
    This skeleton of a large cottonwood is part of Alaska's "Ghost Forest", created when huge tracts of land sank during the tremendous "Good Friday Earthquake" of late March in 1964. Salt water from nearby Turnagain Arm rushed into the lowlands thereby killing all the trees but it also preserved them. Most are still standing to this day as a reminder of the tremendous forces of nature.
    This aurora is a classic example of a red over green aurora. Both colors are produced by ionized oxygen atoms. The green is produced by more energetic particles able to penetrate the atomsphere to an altitude of roughly 50 to 100 miles. The red is produced by less energetic particles and resides  from about 100 to 300 miles high.
    I used a conventional 35mm camera with a 28mm wide-angle lens and Kodak E100S film to record the scene.

    This image is availible in the following sizes: 5x7, 6x9 and 8x12

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